Characters Section

Door 4: William Logan (founder of the Geological Survey of Canada)

Hand drawn portrait of William Logan inside the survival module


Did you know that I headed the Geological Survey of Canada for over 25 years? I know the geology of this country like the back of my hand. I first took an interest in geology when I was managing a coal mine in Swansea, Wales, where my family comes from. I made a very detailed map of the deposits in the region, and from my observations, I was able to form hypotheses about the different layers of soil in the area. I submitted my research to the Geological Society of London in 1840 and two years later I was invited to start the Geological Survey of Canada.

I explored Canada, looking for mining resources to exploit. I recorded field notes, made maps, and collected many fossil and mineral samples. I assembled an impressive collection of rocks and minerals that is currently on display at a number of Canadian museums, including the Canadian Museum of Nature. I also published a book of almost 1000 pages describing Canada’s geology.

In the survival station, it will be your turn to find mineral resources. You must search the riverbed for nickel. Nickel is very useful because it resists corrosion and oxidization, and it can be used to enhance the properties of other metals.

Go to the screen at the back of the room. The dashboard and keyboard arrows control an underwater sensor. To find nickel, keep an eye on the sensor needle. If the needle moves, it means there is nickel nearby. Maintain your position and record the position codes on your dashboard. When you have found three codes, you’re in for a surprise.

Do you know why the sensor needle moves when you approach a nickel deposit? It’s because nickel disturbs the electromagnetic field produced by the submarine, and the sensor picks up those disturbances.

Electromagnetic detection has other uses. For instance, it is also employed in airports to find metallic objects in luggage.

I must admit, I’ve never seen a submarine look for mining deposits. Nowadays, geologists use airplanes to explore vast expanses that often have no roads at all.

Try the mini-game on William Logan!

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